Eumenides

Eumenides Sommerstein presents a freshly constituted text with introduction and commentary of Eumenides the climactic play of the only surviving complete Greek tragic trilogy the Oresteia of Aeschylus Of al

  • Title: Eumenides
  • Author: Aeschylus Alan H. Sommerstein
  • ISBN: 9780521240840
  • Page: 343
  • Format: cloth
  • Sommerstein presents a freshly constituted text, with introduction and commentary, of Eumenides, the climactic play of the only surviving complete Greek tragic trilogy, the Oresteia of Aeschylus Of all Athenian tragic dramas, Eumenides is most consciously designed to be relevant to the situation of the Athenian state at the time of its performance 458 B.C and seems toSommerstein presents a freshly constituted text, with introduction and commentary, of Eumenides, the climactic play of the only surviving complete Greek tragic trilogy, the Oresteia of Aeschylus Of all Athenian tragic dramas, Eumenides is most consciously designed to be relevant to the situation of the Athenian state at the time of its performance 458 B.C and seems to have contained daring innovations both in technique and in ideas The introduction and commentary to this edition seek to bring out how Aeschylus shaped to his purpose the legends he inherited, and ended the tragic story of Agamemnon s family in a celebration of Athenian civic unity and justice The commentary also pays attention to the linguistic, metrical and textual problems to be encountered by the reader.

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    About “Aeschylus Alan H. Sommerstein

    • Aeschylus Alan H. Sommerstein

      Aeschylus 525 BC 456 BC squilo in Portuguese, Esquilo in Spanish was an ancient Greek playwright He is often recognized as the father or the founder of tragedy, and is the earliest of the three Greek tragedians whose plays survive extant, the others being Sophocles and Euripides According to Aristotle, he expanded the number of characters in plays to allow for conflict among them previously, characters interacted only with the chorus Unfortunately, only seven of an estimated 70 plays by Aeschylus have survived into modern times one of these plays, Prometheus Bound, is sometimes thought not to be the work of Aeschylus.At least one of Aeschylus works was influenced by the Persian invasion of Greece, which took place during his lifetime His play The Persians remains a good primary source of information about this period in Greek history The war was so important to Greeks and to Aeschylus himself that, upon his death around 456 BC, his epitaph included a reference to his participation in the Greek victory at Marathon but not to his success as a playwright.There are no reliable sources for the life of Aeschylus He was said to have been born in c 525 in Eleusis, a small town about 27 kilometers northwest of Athens, which is nestled in the fertile valleys of western Attica, though the date is most likely based on counting back forty years from his first victory in the Great Dionysia His family was both wealthy and well established his father Euphorion was a member of the Eupatridae, the ancient nobility of Attica As a youth, he worked at a vineyard until, according to the 2nd century AD geographer Pausanias, the god Dionysus visited him in his sleep and commanded him to turn his attention to the nascent art of tragedy As soon as he woke from the dream, the young Aeschylus began writing a tragedy, and his first performance took place in 499 BC, when he was only 26 years old After fifteen years, his skill was great enough to win a prize for his plays at Athens annual city Dionysia playwriting competition But in the interim, his dramatic career was interrupted by war The armies of the Persian Empire, which had already conquered the Greek city states of Ionia, entered mainland Greece in the hopes of conquering it as well.In 490 BC, Aeschylus and his brother Cynegeirus fought to defend Athens against Darius s invading Persian army at the Battle of Marathon The Athenians, though outnumbered, encircled and slaughtered the Persian army This pivotal defeat ended the first Persian invasion of Greece proper and was celebrated across the city states of Greece Though Athens was victorious, Cynegeirus died in the battle Aeschylus continued to write plays during the lull between the first and second Persian invasions of Greece, and won his first victory at the city Dionysia in 484 BC In 480 he was called into military service again, this time against Xerxes invading forces at the Battle of Salamis This naval battle holds a prominent place in The Persians, his oldest surviving play, which was performed in 472 BC and won first prize at the Dionysia.Aeschylus was one of many Greeks who had been initiated into the Eleusinian Mysteries, a cult to Demeter based in his hometown of Eleusis As the name implies, members of the cult were supposed to have gained some sort of mystical, secret knowledge Firm details of the Mysteries specific rites are sparse, as members were sworn under the penalty of death not to reveal anything about the Mysteries to non initiates Nevertheless, according to Aristotle it was alleged that Aeschylus had placed clues about the secret rites in his seventh tragedy, Prometheus Bound According to some sources, an angry mob tried to kill Aeschylus on the spot, but he fled the scene When he stood trial for his offense, Aeschylus pleaded ignorance and was only spared because of his brave service in the Persian Wars.Aeschylus traveled to Sicily once or twice in the 470s BC, having

    742 thoughts on “Eumenides

    • Orestes is vindicated10 June 2012 I have now decided that I will also write a commentary on the three plays as a whole considering that the Oresteia appears to be like a three act play than three separate plays joined together with a common theme There are a number of things that I would like to talk about in relation to the Oresteia as a whole However, there are also a number of things that pertain specifically to this play or act, however you want to look at it that I will explore at here The [...]



    • If only I d read this yesterday as it would ve helped with my argument for my Greek mythology essay Just a day late.


    • From BBC Radio 3 Drama on 3 The Oresteia The FuriesBy Aeschylus.A new version by Rebecca LenkiewiczThe final play in Aeschylus classic trilogy about murder, revenge and justice Orestes has avenged his father Agamemnon by murdering his killer, his own mother Clytemnestra Now the Furies, deities of revenge, are on his trail and baying for blood Can the young gods Apollo and Athena stop this cycle of revenge BBC Concert Orchestra Percussionists Alasdair Malloy, Stephen Webberley and Stephen Whibley [...]


    • I found the last part of Aeschylus Orestia trilogy to be rather surprising for I did not expect the respective course of events to actually take place Now, I do not know if this thing or feeling is for the best or not, howsoever I did find myself mumbling out loud what kind of tragedy is this, mister Aeschylus because, to me, it didn t feel as a tragedy any because of its ending However, I have already said that I do not know what to really think about this occurrence, it was indeed unexpected I [...]


    • Brief review The highlight of this play for me was the Furies actually appearing on stage and being given the chance to speak, and of course the poetry language was great as always, but I still have a few gripes with it.This is another Greek play that features a lot of annoying sexism and from Athena at that and another play in which a case reaches its verdict for trivial reasons through misguided arguments see also Aristophanes Frogs Even if you can excuse the argument that relies on the idea t [...]


    • I read Robert Fagles translation.Eumenides not as bad as Agamemnon but not as good as The Libation Bearers.The gods roles seems to me ridiculous, I know they play the big part in every Greek Drama, But as charachters in a drama they are silly.On the other hand this part would be the most amazing when it presented on the theater.


    • In the final piece of the Orestria, everything escalates to a grandiose level The characters aren t human except for Orestre The Pythia begins the play with a superb monologue in which she covers the origin of the Delphi oracle, tracing back to the goddess earth, down to Apollo or Loriax as he is often called by Eschyle.Then enter the most exciting group of righteous women spirits, the Eumenides or Furies and they have some serious beef with Orestre I tell you, the accusations and lamentations o [...]


    • Though I m admittedly no classics fan or scholar, I actually was surprised at how much I enjoyed this play The Eumenides is the third book from The Oresteia, a trilogy of Greek tragedies written by Aeschylus about the end of the curse of the House of Atreus Apparently, the play was originally performed in Athens which is not surprising considering the prominence of Athena in the play at the Dionysia festival The plot of the play is quite simple and straight forward Orestes has killed his mother [...]


    • Eumenides is the third and final installment in the Oresteia trilogy, bringing the tragedy to a finish you ll find out soon enough why that word was in quotations While I am a little diappointed that this wasn t as good as Agamemnon, I still am generally satisfied with this finale Overall, I am very happy that I read this trilogy because Aeschylus, as I said before, was a very, very influential playwright that was an inspiration to other great Greek dramatists such as Sophocles and Euripides, wh [...]


    • The final play of the Orestes trilogy demonstrates the mastery of the great ancient Greek dramatist, Aeschylus Besides the beautiful language and characterization, the play addresses very important themes that are necessary for the civilization s establishment and survival It implies that the old law the one that the furies adhere to that requires blood for cleansing bloodstain cannot be acceptable any , as it cannot be useful for building a polis and civilization, which must be governed by a ju [...]


    • The version I read was translated by Richmond Latti The Eumenides was the third part of the survived Oresteia trilogy around the House of Atreus and murder of Agamemnon by his wife Clytemnestra with her lover, Aegisthus who is their cousin and a product of incest between Thyestes who is the brother of Atreus and his own daughter and partly due to revenge against Agamemnon who murdered their child Iphigenia prior to the Trojan war But because his mother murdered her husband, Apollo urged Orestes [...]




    • Not a bad ending for the Oresteia.Eumenides is the concluding chapter in the trilogy of Orestes, and finishes his story with a trial against his decision to kill his mother It is a very controversial argument, especially during the time it was written What justifies matricide if one would even argue it is something justifiable This play itself is of a final act than a play with three acts in it The rising action would be the murder of Agamemnon, the climax being the murder of Clytemnestra, and [...]


    • Eumenides is a short play that acts as a conclusion to its trilogy I found it to be a bit repetitive, but the concept of Athena transforming barbaric blood vengeance into a just trial is really interesting, especially considering the history of democracy in Athens It didn t take long to read, so I d recommend it to anyone interested in Greek tragedies or mythology.


    • Aeschylus work, even among the Greek tragedians whose plays survive, serves as an interesting exercise in heightening tension while the physical action of the play takes place offstage His writing relies heavily than most later works on the probing of the human heart, and those disinterested in introspection are likely to find his plays tedious Despite, or perhaps because of this, I find his manner of examination to appeal to the intellect than the emotions Perhaps it s partly due to the gulf [...]



    • This has become on of my favorite Greek plays I really liked this trilogy it kept me on my toes and it feels like it has been written to the point of obsessive thoughtfulness, with the diction alluding to specific themes and portrayal and all the symbolism and the hidden motives and traits imbedded in the text Really good reads In this, the third play of the trilogy, Orestes has been on the run from HE Furies, cleansing and purging himself at sacred sites in order to be clean of his mothers murd [...]


    • I m not really sure this is the edition I read, and I know it makes a big difference The edition I read was the text for a class.I m told that the mere performance of this play terrified grown men into fainting, when the Eumenides appeared on stage The Ancient Greeks feared the Furies so much that they dared not even say their names Even AEschylus dared not call them by their name, because to name them is to summon them Instead he used a euphemism.My own response perhaps because, as with Sybel i [...]


    • The Eumenides is the third book of the Oresteian trilogy by Aeschylus In this book Orestes is pursued by the Furies to Athens where he goes to beg for Athena s protection Athena puts him under a trial to decide whether the furies have a valid point about their duty to punish him for his mother s murder, or if his point about the necessity of vengeance for his father s murder is valid After many arguments during which the furies argue that it is only fear of their punishment that keeps man from s [...]


    • De las 90 obras que escribi Esquilo solo nos han llegado siete, tres de las cuales forman parte de la trilog a conocida como La Orest ada Si en Agamen n ve amos a Clitemnestra consumar su venganza, larvada a lo largo de una d cada, asesinando a su esposo Agamen n a su regreso de Troya, en Las co foras eran los hijos de Clitemnestra, Electra y Orestes quienes devolv an el golpe, asesinando a su madre La trilog a se cierra con Las eum nides A Orestes le asedian las Erinias que quieren que este pag [...]


    • While reviewing the previous play in Aeschylus Oresteian Trilogy, I expressed my surprise that The Libation Bearers took its name from the Chorus whose role hardly seemed to justify this honour In the case of The Eumenides, the decision to name the play after the role played by the Chorus is the correct one Passive characters in the first two plays, the Chorus are here playing perhaps the central role in the drama.Indeed the most important characters in the play are not the human ones at all The [...]


    • Read this again the other day Something that struck me was how much the eponymous Furies are a representation of sleep paralysis, which is in turn I believe based on my own experiences the psychosomatic result of anxiety To wit They are black and utterly repulsive, and they snore with breath that drives one back.From their eyes drip the foul ooze, and their dress is suchas is not right to wear in the presence of the gods statues, nor even into any human house These are characteristics of the sha [...]



    • I used the Paley translation It is beautiful The story is really the beginning of the Law Under the old gods the Furies blood must be shed for blood Orestes is guilty of matricide and blood feud is the only result allowable Apollo and Athena, the new Olympians, challenge the Furies They give Man the right to dispense justice, avoiding the curse of the never ending blood feud I spent 34 years in the practice of law and I have never seen it nobly portrayed Now, we have forgotten the real purpose [...]


    • Books so venerable transcend review, just like the Eumenides themselves cannot be classified as obsolete after Orestes trial Instead, with whatever flaws we may find them, we enshrine them in their proper foundational place I just want to make a comment to underline the importance of this play the book goes beyond tying up the trilogy and showing what happens to Orestes after he kills Clytemnestra It is an explanation of the birth of the Law out of necessity for the civilized city when an eye fo [...]


    • Although I own this Kindle edition, I actually read a different translation which I can t find here on GoodReads by George Thomson The Thomson translation was the best of the three Aeschylus plays I have read, and was contained in the anthology Greek Plays in Modern Translation modern to the editor in 1947 when this book was published.I found this final play of the Orestiea to be an interesting commentary on the need for old ways to surrender to new ones this was timely in Aeschylus day and is s [...]


    • The final play in The Oresteia which tells the story of the family of King Agamemnon The furies pursue Orestes to the temple of Apollo who though he encouraged Orestes in his plan to murder his mother Clytemnestra cannot call off the furies in their mission to avenge the matricide Orestes makes his way from there to the temple of Athena in Athens The goddess declares that Orestes guilt must be judged at a trial and, when the jury is hung, casts the deciding vote in favor of Orestes This play was [...]


    • Eumenides is the conclusion of the only trilogy of Greek tragedies that has arrived to us nowadays In this play the conflict is not any between men but between gods Orestes plays a little part in the tragedy, even though he is the main reason why the gods are quarreling I liked it as much as the Coefore, because the situations presented is less static than the Agamemnon I particularly liked the part in which the gods discuss the different reasons that make them believe that Orestes is innocent A [...]


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